Photosensitizers are chemicals that increase the sensitivity of body tissues, including skin, to light.
Classification of ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation ranges.
- 100 - 280 nm - UVC
- 280 - 315 nm - UVB
- 351 - 400 nm - UVA
- 400 - 740 nm - visible range
- > 740 nm - infrared
List of photosensitizers - medicines
Substances that impair tissue regeneration
Substances that impair tissue regeneration are not considered photosensitizers, but they can cause tissue scarring after laser treatments. These substances include systemic retinoids, hormones, cytostatics.
Substances that interfere with blood clotting
Drugs that reduce blood clotting are also not classified as photosensitizers, but they can cause bruising during or after laser treatments. These include:
- heparin, hirudin
- dicumarin, warfarin, neodicumarin, pelentan, phenylin, syncumar
- aspirin, sodium citrate, sodium salicylate
Phytopreparations with photosensitizing action
- St. John's wort, Hypericum perforatumis the most powerful plant photosensitizer
- Ammi dental, Ammi visnaga
- Aniseed Pimpinella, Pimpinella anisum - Anise seeds
- Celery Seed, Apium graveolans
- Weak plant photosensitizers- cause a photosensitizing effect when taken plentifully:
- celery, bergamot, carrots, parsnips, parsley
- Essential oils, especially citrus fruits, may contain components such as furocoumarins, coumarins and linalol, linalool, which are potential photosensitizers.
- Angelica root, Angelica archangelica
- Bergamot peel, Citrus aurantium
- Bitter orange peel, Citrus sinensis- strong photosensitizer
- Cumin Seeds, Cuminium cyminum
- Grapefruit peel, Citrus paradisiis a strong photosensitizer
- Lemon peel, Citrus limonumis a strong photosensitizer
- Lime peel, Citrus aurantifoliais a strong photosensitizer
- Mandarin leaf,Citrus reticulata
- Ruta leaf, Ruta graveolens
Lasers in cosmetology and medicine
Lasers are widely used in medicine. The main areas of application of lasers in this specialty can be divided into three groups: treatment of vascular lesions, removal of pigmented lesions, and aesthetic treatments such as skin resurfacing, hair removal and tattoo removal. All lasers used in cosmetology, dermatology and aesthetic medicine emit either in the visible spectrum or in the infrared range.
Lasers in the visible spectrum (400-740 nm)
- KTP (green laser), 532 nm
- dye lasers, 585-595 nm
- ruby - 694 nm
- BBL and IPL systems 400-1400 nm
Lasers in the infrared range (755 - 10600 nm)
- alexandrite laser - 755 nm
- diode lasers 800-910 nm
- neodymium lasers Nd: YAG 1064 nm, Nd: YAG 1320 nm
- Er: YAG Erbium Lasers, 2940nm
- CO2 lasers, 10600 nm
As you can see, lasers used in cosmetology and dermatology differ from the ultraviolet spectrum, which affects light sensitivity.
The use of intense pulsed light (BBL, IPL) is also safe if a cut-off filter above 400 nm is available.
Lasers in our clinic
- BBL Photorejuvenation uses visible and infrared (515 - 1400 nm).
- Acne Treatment Forever Clear (420nm)
- Vascular Removal - visible and infrared (560 nm, 810 nm).
- Laser hair removal - infrared range (810 nm).
- Nail fungus treatment - infrared (980 nm).
- Laser resurfacing and removal- far infrared (10 600 nm).
Although these wavelengths are much longer wavelengths and carry less energy than ultraviolet, their potential risk during laser treatments should be considered. Tell your doctor if you are taking medication on a regular basis.
- Kerstein R, Lister T, Cole R (2014) Laser therapy and photosensitive medication: a review of the evidence. Lasers Med Sci 29 (4): 1449-52